Part 18: The Order of St. John of Jerusalem

Turkish morale no doubt suffered, but Mustapha, as he walked through the ruins of St. Elmo, ordered what we would now consider psychological terrorism.  He had the bodies of the Knights decapitated, “then nailed (the bodies) to improvised wooded crosses in mockery of the crucifixion” 8 and that night set them  adrift in the Grand Harbor, where the next morning they washed up on the foot of Fort St. Angelo.    The Grand Master understood Mustapha’s message, this was a war  in which  no quarter was to be granted.

In response to Mustapha,  Grand Master La Valette, in an apparent eye for an eye reaction, ordered all of the Turkish prisoners in the dungeons of St. Angelo executed and decapitated.  Their heads he had “placed in the two large cannons on the top of the high cavalier” 9 of the fort and fired them into the Turkish lines across the harbor.

The very day that St. Elmo fell, 1000 reinforcements under Chevalier de Robles, a Knight Hospitaller,  was  approaching from the north.  On the night of June 29th,  with the help of Maltese guides, they slipped around the Turkish lines, incredibly with no losses, into Birgu.  The first time the Turks knew that reinforcements had arrived, was that morning, when the shouts of celebration and bell ringing was heard.

Mustapha Pasha  responded by repositioning cannon batteries and began a cross fire.  He developed a strategy to attack Senglea, it being the perceived weaker of the remaining fortifications.

About leader

District Deputy Grand Master Saratoga-Warren District 1998-2000; Grand Lodge Leadership Services Committee; Leadership Development Course Coordinator; Vice Chairman Grand Master's Educational Task Force; Vice Chairman Grand Lodge Child ID Committee; District Deputy Grand High Priest 14th Capitular District; Grand Master of the 1st Veil 2010; Grand Master 2nd Veil 2011; Grand Master 3rd Veil 2012 Grand Royal Arch Captain 2013 Grand Principal Sojourner 2014 Grand Captain of the Host 2015 Warren County Historical Society Board of Trustees; Queensbury Masonic Historical Society Charter Member; State Chairman Lodges & Buildings Committee Deputy Grand Master's Advisory Committee
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